Your child is between the0 to 6 months

A baby’s development during the first stage

Children develop of their own accord, but they do need those around them to provide them with experiences and the right kind of guidance. In this timeline, you will get to know the milestones related to motor skills, language development, social and emotional and cognitive/sensory development, and personality development. You can also read about how Kindergarden sets up the children's environment to help them develop optimally. We make use of the “recurring” moments in which we’re tending to them individually, such as while dressing and undressing them, changing their diapers, or putting them to bed, to give them a little extra one-on-one attention. This turns an everyday care moment into a special development moment.

For example, did you know that babies learn to start repeating behavior from as early as two months of age? And that the clingy stage often kicks in later in boys than in girls?

Development occurs during the interactions between the children themselves, and their interactions with the childcare staff and the environment. Our horizontal groups enable us to provide guidance appropriate to the different developmental stages. In doing so, we are guided by the pace and preferences of the children. After all, children are individuals and experience their milestones at a time appropriate to them. This timeline indicates the things you might encounter during the first important years of a child's life, but we also allow the children the space to reach their own milestones and develop at their own pace!

0 to 6 months

Motor development (physical development)

We help babies develop their fine and gross motor skills at Kindergarden by putting toys slightly out of their reach and encouraging them to grasp.

Important milestones in the period from 0 to 6 months
  • Baby reflex

    Up to eighteen months, they exhibit spontaneous, uncontrolled movements, also known as “baby reflexes.”

  • Grasp reflex

    Babies learn to move their fingers, clench their hand into a fist, and then release their hands again. Their grasp reflex then develops further from the age of 3 months.

  • Early coordination.

    Early hand-mouth coordination. Babies learn to use their coordination skills when picking up objects and can move objects from one hand to the other, giving them greater control over their bodies.

  • Neck muscles

    A baby’s neck muscles are firm enough at this stage for its head to stop bobbing. Babies can lift their head, look in all directions, and follow your movements as you walk past.

  • Rolling over

    Babies can roll over on their own after around 6 months.

How does Kindergarden support children in their motor development (physical development)?

0 to 6 months

Social and emotional development

Our childcare staff make a point of sometimes keeping away from the children for short periods of time, as children do not need adults for everything to go through the various stages of development.

Important milestones in the period from 0 to 6 months
  • Parents only!

    Until they are about six weeks old, babies really only respond to their parents’ voices, smells, and facial expressions.

  • Smile

    Baby’s first “social” smile Babies tend to respond to all smiling faces: not just those of their parents, but even those of people they have never seen before.

  • Interaction

    Babies reach out their arms because they want to be picked up, and they learn to cry in different ways to communicate a variety of emotions and needs. Babies interact with a variety of people.

  • Curious

    At the age of 3-4 months, babies start recognizing more of their environment and become increasingly curious about new places and new people.

  • Clingy stage

    Around 5-6 months of age, children can clearly communicate their likes and dislikes and can cling to their parent or caregiver when the latter is about to walk away. This phase, known as the “clingy stage,” can take several months. When it starts depends on the individual child; it tends to kick in later in boys than girls – around 8-9 months.

How does Kindergarden support children in their social and emotional development?

0 to 6 months

Language development

Babies haven’t yet started communicating with words but are already listening selectively: their preferred sound is human voices. This is why we spend a lot of time reading to the children, even to the youngest ones.

Important milestones in the period from 0 to 6 months
  • Laughing and crying

    For the first two months, babies cry in a specific way, laugh without making a sound, and are able to hear voices.

  • Voice recognition

    Around 6 weeks of age, babies start recognizing their parents’ voices, and around 8 weeks old they start responding to them by following the voices with their head. At 2-3 months, babies start producing different noises on their own, which is when they learn to vocalize (“babble”).

  • Vocalization stage

    Babies keep repeating the same syllables, become aware of their own noises, imitate other noises, and “talk” to their toys. Extension of vocalization stage.

  • Expression

    Babies now have 4 ways of expressing themselves: crying, making noises and sounds, making facial expressions, and gesturing.

  • Getting verbal

    Babies’ language development takes a tremendous surge forward when they are aged between 4 and 8 months. This is when babies learn to distinguish rhythm and sounds, which is how they learn to talk. Babies love hearing a familiar voice (this can also be comforting).

How does Kindergarden support children in developing their language skills?

0 to 6 months

Cognitive and sensory development

Babies have already learned to grasp objects but lack the control to explore objects with their fingers, which is why they tend to put everything into their mouths: this is something they can control.

Important milestones in the period from 0 to 6 months
  • Adaptive skills

    Whereas during the first month babies still respond instinctively to events or their environment, it isn’t until the next three months that they start developing their adaptive skills. For example, babies who are hungry stop crying immediately as soon as they see the bottle.

  • Mouth

    During the first few months, children learn by feeling, grasping, tasting, looking around, or hearing. They don’t only use their eyes and hands to discover, but (especially) their mouths as well, by getting a taste of new shapes and learning what certain objects feel like.

  • Cause and effect

    Babies learn to repeat certain actions and behavior and discover new things. For example, if they accidentally knock against a music box and repeat this a few times, they know that this will produce sound. This is when babies learn to identify and separate cause and effect.

How does Kindergarden support children in their cognitive and sensory development?

0 to 6 months

Personality development

The physical and emotional safety your child experiences at this age will help them later on to form relationships with others and develop a sense of self-worth.

Important milestones in the period from 0 to 6 months
  • Attachment

    Babies also develop self-confidence during these first few months by bonding with their parents and caregivers – a process that is stimulated by fostering a sense of safety and trust, and through encouragement.

  • Discovering their bodies

    Babies learn to discover their own bodies, including their hands, feet, and mouth.

  • Mimicry

    At around 4 months of age, babies realize that their behavior has an impact on their environment and that they can imitate other people’s behavior. They observe people’s facial expressions and attempt to mimic them.

How does Kindergarden support children in their personality development?