Your child is between the18 months to 2.5 years

A toddler’s development during the second stage

Children develop of their own accord, but they do need those around them to provide them with experiences and the right kind of guidance. In this timeline, you will get to know the milestones related to motor skills, language development, social and emotional and cognitive/sensory development, and personality development. You can also read about how Kindergarden sets up the children's environment to help them develop optimally. We make use of the “recurring” moments in which we’re tending to them individually, such as while dressing and undressing them, changing their diapers, or putting them to bed, to give them a little extra one-on-one attention. This turns an everyday care moment into a special development moment.

Did you know that at this age, children develop an understanding of why certain things are not allowed? And that they do a much better job at remembering songs, rhymes, and verses?

Development occurs during the interactions between the children themselves, and their interactions with the childcare staff and the environment. Our horizontal groups enable us to provide guidance appropriate to the different developmental stages. In doing so, we are guided by the pace and preferences of the children. After all, children are individuals and experience their milestones at a time appropriate to them. This timeline indicates the things you might encounter during the first important years of a child's life, but we also allow the children the space to reach their own milestones and develop at their own pace!

18 months to 2.5 years

Motor development (physical development)

Climbing, rolling, and playing: children are given the opportunity to practice their balance and coordination, using items such as beanbags, small and low climbing equipment, balancing bars, and stepping stones.

Important milestones in the period from 18 months to 2.5 years
  • Look what I can do!

    Standing on one leg (with support), running, walking backwards, making circles, suddenly coming to a standstill, jumping in the air with two feet at the same time, or walking on their toes.

  • Walking and other activities

    Toddlers start combining walking with other activities, taking things with them under their arm, or pulling objects behind them.

  • Less likely to fall

    Children at this stage develop more of a sense of balance and improve their coordination skills, which reduces the likelihood of falling.

  • Walking with confidence

    Toddlers become more confident walking: their knees are slightly bent, pulling their shoulders back and keeping their arms more stretched along their body. They are also more likely to place their feet flat on the floor.

  • Toilet training

    Children start developing their fine motor skills. From age two onwards, toddlers start showing an interest in toilet training.

How does Kindergarden support children in their motor development (physical development)?

18 months to 2.5 years

Social and emotional development

We encourage children to play together and remind individual children of the importance of sharing toys, although children below the age of two still tend to take each others’ toys away rather than sharing them.

Important milestones in the period from 18 months to 2.5 years
  • Imitating (mimicking) and asking for help

    In social and emotional terms, toddlers are affectionate toward their mothers, imitate adults – particularly in ordinary everyday activities – and regularly ask adults for help. They want to show everything.

  • Together or alone?

    At this age, children start interacting more with their age peers. They play alongside each other in the same room, sometimes using the same toys and games, but separately and individually.

  • Egocentric

    Toddlers have a hard time sharing with others and awaiting their turn. Between 18 and 24 months of age, they have yet to learn to be empathetic (i.e., put themselves in another person’s shoes).

  • Imbalanced behavior

    The sense of self is growing and they become more stubborn; this is when they start asserting their own will. Their behavior is imbalanced, oscillating between dependence and independence.

  • Growing empathy

    Between 24 and 30 months of age, toddlers learn that other children sometimes have different feelings than their own, which is a sign of their growing ability to empathize. They also develop a larger vocabulary at this stage that allows them to discuss their feelings.

How does Kindergarden support children in their social and emotional development?

18 months to 2.5 years

Language development

Up to the age of around 18 months, toddlers already have a vocabulary of around 50 words, and then go on to learn around 10 new ones a day!

Important milestones in the period from 18 months to 2.5 years
  • First sentences

    Toddlers form sentences made up of two words: “mommy gone.” They come to understand that “not” and “no” are both negatives.

  • The magic of language

    Identifying something, making clear where something is located, or describing a particular activity and the person performing it. Language has a purpose now!

  • Question mark

    Around the second year of life, children start forming questioning sentences: “mommy gone?”

  • Pronouns

    Children gradually learn the difference between pronouns such as “me” and “you,” although they still have trouble using them correctly.

  • “Why?”

    This is the stage where children start asking “why,” purely out of curiosity and as a way of getting attention.

How does Kindergarden support children in developing their language skills?

18 months to 2.5 years

Cognitive and sensory development

Children love to doodle and use crayons: they enjoy the rhythmic motion of their arms and what this looks like on paper. They also love to play with beads and clay.

Important milestones in the period from 18 months to 2.5 years
  • Colors

    Children learn to identify colors. Children’s eyes need more contrast than those of adults, so in order for them to be able to observe them, colors need to be brighter and more intense for kids.

  • Information

    Children become more skilled at processing information, which they deduce from images, symbols, concepts, and interrelationships. If they throw their food off the table, the floor gets dirty.

  • Details

    Children have an easier time remembering songs, rhymes, and verses and increasingly focus on details.

  • Awareness

    Children understand why some things aren’t allowed, even when the “boss” is away.

How does Kindergarden support children in their cognitive and sensory development?

18 months to 2.5 years

Personality development

Children this age see themselves as the center of everything, and rules help to create clarity, and by extension a sense of safety and security. This is how we help them build confidence.

Important milestones in the period from 18 months to 2.5 years
  • Mirror

    Toddlers start to recognize themselves in the mirror.

  • Own name

    From around 18 months, children start saying their own name.

  • Center

    Children put themselves at the center of everything they do.

  • Let me do!

    From the age of two, two of the most common phrases they’ll use are “wanna do myself” and “let me do.”

  • Self-awareness

    As toddlers start developing their verbal skills, they also become more self-aware: they learn to articulate things and can reflect on them.

How does Kindergarden support children in their personality development?